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Switzerland lies in the heart of Europe. It shares borders with Germany, Austria, the Principality of Liechtenstein, Italy and France and serves as a vital link for communication and transports between the North of Europe and those in the South. Globalisation and the resulting freedom of movement have led to continuously growing numbers of people crossing the Swiss borders.
Switzerland has about 8 million inhabitants. More than one third of its population live in the five big cities of Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Berne, Lausanne and their surrounding areas, with a density of population of 199 inhabitants per square kilometer. The total surface of Switzerland is 41,285 square kilometre.
By 2030, experts expect a 30% increase in transport traffic on the roadways of Switzerland, and an increase of 70% or more on the Swiss railway network. Roads are well maintained, and the public transportation network is excellent, enabling people to travel quickly and conveniently. Whether the destination is a major city or a remote village, train and bus timetables are coordinated to enable passengers to get from A to B in the shortest possible time.
An important network of hiking paths, cycle lanes, mountain bike tracks, and even canoeing intineraries is available for leisure transportation. SwitzerlandMobility coordinates the development of this network.